The basket-hilted sword is the name of a group of early modern sword types characterized by a basket-shaped guard that protects the hand. Slightly similar to the Rapiers, the sword features “the basket hilt” which was a development of the quillons added to swords’ crossguards since the Late Middle Ages.
Also known as the broadsword, the basket-hilted sword was a military sword, termed “broad” in contrast with the rapier, the slim dueling sword worn with civilian dress during the same period.
The basket-hilted sword is a development of the 16th century, rising to popularity in the 17th century and remaining in widespread use throughout the 18th century, used especially by heavy cavalry up to the Napoleonic era.
Photo source: Sailor in Saddle